I completed my Ph.D. at Michigan State University with my dissertation, “Contested of Authority: Indigenous Borderlands of the Western
Great Lakes.” My research explored the intersection of borders, treaties, and power in the lands of the eastern Dakota and western Ojibwe, present day Minnesota and northern Wisconsin. It was centered on the 1825 Prairie du Chien treaty, a council officially called for by United States officials to create nation-state like borders under the assumption that such borders would ensure peace in the region. However, American Indian participation in the treaty was far more complicated than United States federal reports indicated. Great Lakes Indians had their own goals for the treaty and some leaders used the council to expand their claims to territory. Others resisted the efforts U.S. officials who insisted on establishing borders between Native nations. Finally, most leaders were far more concerned with rival tribes rather than the United States government and used the gathering to meet outside of the council where much of the deliberations occurred. My research detailed the politics of power involved in treaty making and discussed the impact of the environment on this process. My dissertation was guided by questions of who had power, what the use of that power entailed, and how the physical environment and kinship ties influenced power in the region.